SSL and Types of SSL Certificates Explained
By menaga | September 9, 2021
What is SSL?
SSL stands for Secure Socket Layer is a protocol for establishing the encrypted links between the network. Websites that request the client’s personal information such as email address or payment information need to install the SSL certificate. SSL certificate creates trust by establishing a secured connection and there are many types of SSL certificates are available. SSL is used for secured communication between a web browser and the webserver. SSL turns the website address from HTTP to HTTPS, “s” stands for secure. We are providing Free SSL for all our shared hosting packages.
In addition, SSL has two key pairs one is the private key and another one is the public key. These keys work together to establish a secured connection. The private key is kept secured and the public key can be widely distributed via a certificate.
- Encryption: To provide a high degree of privacy, SSL encrypted the data and then transmits the data across the web. When anyone tries to decrypt the data will see only the garbled mix of characters, it is impossible to decrypt.
- Authentication: SSL indicates an authentication process called a handshake between the two communicating devices to ensure both devices are who they claim to be.
- Data integrity: SSL also digitally signs data in order to provide data integrity, verify the data is not tampered with before reaching its intended receipt.
Certificate Authority (CA) is trusted the third party which generates and issues the SSL certificate for your website.
Types Of SSL Certificates:
- Extended Validation Certificates (EV SSL)
- Organization Validation Certificates (OV SSL)
- Domain Validated Certificates (DV SSL)
- Wildcard SSL certificates
- Multi-domain SSL Certificate (MDC)
- Unified Communication Certificate (UCC)
Extended Validation Certificates:
The highest-ranking and the most expensive SSL certificate is an Extended Validation certificate. This SSL certificate installed it display padlock, HTTP, business name and country on the browser address bar. Extended Validation Certificate requires the owner to go through the standardized identity verification process to confirm that they are authorized legally to the exclusive right of domains. Furthermore, this SSL certificate is used for high-profile website applications for assurance such as processing logins, collecting data, and online payment.
Organization Validation Certificates:
Organization Validation Certificates are the primary purpose of certification. The CA will contact the organization’s SSL certificate requires and do some investigation. Also, these Certificates will contain the organization’s name and address which brings trust for users than Domain Validation Certificate.
Domain Validated Certificates:
Domain Validated Certificates have low assurance and minimum encryption, it is suitable for the blog or information site. Moreover, the validation process is simple, the domain owner needs only to prove domain ownership by modifying the DNS records or just sending emails to CA. This display only HTTPS and padlock with no business name display.
Wildcard SSL certificates:
Wildcard SSL certificates are for a single domain and also for its multiple subdomains. It ensures that if you buy an SSL certificate for one domain you can use it for all the subdomains. Comparatively, Wildcard domains are cheaper than purchasing several single domain SSL.
Multi-domain SSL Certificate:
A Multi-domain SSL certificate can secure many different domain names and subdomains using a single certificate which helps you to save time and money.
Unified Communication Certificate:
A Unified Communications Certificate is also considered a multi-domain SSL certificate. UCC was initially designed for Microsoft Exchange and a live communication server. However, now any website owners use the certificate to allows the multiple domain names to get secured in a single certificate. UCC is organizationally validated and displays padlock on the browser.
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